CNN is sharing its latest research findings on sea urchins with you to help you understand what they mean and how they’re affecting our planet.
We’ve selected three recent scientific research papers that shed some light on the topic.
Read on for the results.1.
“Benthic-derived Oxygen” is a new term that means oxygen from the deep ocean or the atmosphere that can survive for up to two weeks in a saltwater environment.
It’s a useful term for the oceanic crust and is important to understanding how ocean water can change as it ages.
The term is used in a few different ways, but in this case it refers to a type of oxygen found in seawater and crusts, not to the deep sea itself.
Scientists have known for a while that oxygen in seawaters is a primary driver of urchin populations, and this finding supports that view.2.
“The Effect of a Climate-Related Change on the Emergence of a new and potentially larger-than-expected marine biodiversity hotspot in the Southern Ocean” by Robert R. Riggs, a researcher at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, is the latest paper to show that the global warming that has been occurring since the mid-2000s has caused a dramatic shift in the shape of the deep-sea environment.
Riggs found that the changes have caused the distribution of species to change dramatically.
“What we’re seeing is the extinction of species that we’ve known existed for hundreds of millions of years,” Riggs said in a statement.
“Tidal Waves of Carbon” by Kevin R. Hargrove and colleagues is another recent study that looks at the relationship between carbon dioxide and water temperatures in the deep waters of the Southern Hemisphere.
Carbon dioxide is a potent greenhouse gas and can lead to changes in the water chemistry that cause a rapid warming or cooling of the water.
As ocean water warms, it expands and expands, and as the water warps, it cools.
The researchers found that this is what’s happening in the region right now, with the warming and cooling occurring in the oceans that are currently warmest.
The researchers believe that this process is causing an “ecosystemic feedback” of warming water that is altering the distribution and composition of ocean life.4.
“A Novel Model for Oceanic Biodiversity Assessment” by Peter C. J. Jones and colleagues at the University of Hawaii is a recent paper that examines the relationship among marine and terrestrial biodiversity in the Pacific and its interactions with climate.
They found that a significant portion of the ocean’s biodiversity is in the shallow seas.
Jones’ team found that “the most threatened marine species in the world are found in the bottom-water abyssal, deep-water and deep-saline environments, with a large portion of biodiversity in deep- and shallow-water habitats.”5.
“An Assessment of the Effect of Oceanic Change on Coastal Marine Life in the South Atlantic Ocean” is an analysis of coral bleaching in the Caribbean Sea.
This is a phenomenon where coral is dying and dying and bleaching is occurring in other areas of the Atlantic Ocean.
Scientists don’t know exactly what is causing the bleaching, but it is happening.
It is being driven by global warming.
It affects the timing of coral growth, which has a major impact on the timing and intensity of bleaching events, and it affects how much coral is eaten by predators.
“What Does the ‘Sea-Level Rise’ Mean for the South Pole?” by Michael W. G. Dye and colleagues from the University for Southern Research in Cape Town, South Africa, is an interesting paper that addresses some of the issues raised in the “Sea-level rise” paper by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
Dye’s research found that sea level rise could lead to a number of impacts on ecosystems in the Antarctic Peninsula, particularly in the Beaufort Sea and Ross Sea, which have historically been particularly vulnerable to climate change.7.
“How Climate Change is Changing the Coral Biodome” by James F. Smith and colleagues in the United States finds that coral bleached shells in the Great Barrier Reef have caused more coral die-offs than ever before in history.
This was a long-term trend that scientists had not expected.
Smith and his colleagues believe that the bleached coral could be linked to a warming climate, and that bleaching has been happening at a rate faster than expected.8.
“Coastal Sea-Level Impact” by Kathryn E. Clark and colleagues, a collaboration between NOAA and the U.S. Geological Survey, is another paper that looks into the effects of global warming on the Southern Atlantic and Antarctic seas.
Sea-level is rising because of global climate change, which is also the reason for the sea-level increase that is happening in places like Florida.9.